District Courts have general jurisdiction to handle all types of cases, but usually handle only those cases that other courts have no jurisdiction over. Criminal cases usually heard by these courts include some misdemeanors, lesser-included offenses, felonies, and preliminary hearings for all kinds of criminal cases.
They also handle juvenile delinquency, domestic relations, mental health, domestic violence, appeals of orders from administrative agencies, child protection, formal probate proceedings, conservatorship, guardianship, trusts, naturalization, and disputes over boundary or titles of real property. They share original jurisdiction over all types of informal probate matters with Probate Courts. They hear all types of formal probate cases.
They also share jurisdiction with Metropolitan Courts and Magistrate Courts over most misdemeanor criminal cases.
District Courts also share jurisdiction with Probate Courts where a Probate Court has the authority to handle misdemeanor criminal cases. New Mexico Counties of a particular size are required to set up Metropolitan Courts with exclusive jurisdiction to handle certain types of criminal and civil cases. Metropolitan Courts cannot handle certain types of cases, such as domestic relations, guardianships, disputes over boundary or title of real property, and certain types of civil cases.
These courts share jurisdiction with District Courts over most misdemeanor Criminal cases and preliminary hearings. Metropolitan Courts may also handle contested cases that involve violations of parking. These courts have exclusive jurisdiction over certain types of criminal and civil cases.
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Criminal cases generally heard by these courts include county ordinance violations, petty misdemeanors, most misdemeanors, and all criminal cases. Magistrate Courts cannot hear certain types of cases, including slander, libel, malicious prosecution, domestic relations, dependency, adoption, request for injunctive relief, land titles, and guardianships. These courts have exclusive jurisdiction to handle informal estate and informal probate matters. District Courts hear contested estate and probate matters.
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Probate Courts also have jurisdiction over heirship of real property in the informal administration of the estates. They cannot handle many other types of cases, including misconduct in office, slander, libel, malicious prosecution, misconduct in office, requests for injunctive relief, and many disputes connected to the boundary or title to real estate.
These courts have exclusive jurisdiction to handle all types of violations of municipal ordinances, such as driving when intoxicated. Municipal Courts may also hear contested cases that involve violations of any campus traffic regulation. The records, proceedings, and exhibits from the trial court are reviewed at the same time as the briefs. Some cases are submitted to the Court on oral argument and some are submitted only on the briefs.
The work of authoring opinions is divided evenly and randomly among the five Justices. After a case is submitted to the Court, the Court first discusses the case before the assigned author drafts an opinion that will be circulated among the other Justices. Adoption of an opinion, decision, or order requires the votes of three members of the Court. In certain cases, a member of the Court may decide to file a specially concurring opinion or a dissenting opinion.
It is the majority opinion of the Court, however, that determines the law of the case. This website cannot be viewed properly using this version of Internet Explorer. Judicial Branch Executive Branch. The Mission of the New Mexico Judiciary is to protect the rights and liberties of the people of New Mexico guaranteed by the Constitution and laws of the State of New Mexico and the United States; to resolve legal disputes fairly; and to ensure access to justice for all.
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E-filing for subsequent filings on criminal cases is all District Courts now available! Online Dispute Resolution is a new, easy-to-use service for resolving debt and money due lawsuits. The online system offers a convenient alternative to appearing in court by allowing parties to negotiate through private online messages from any location with internet access.
The complete New Mexico District Court Self-Help Guide provides general information about how to represent yourself in court, a resource guide with a list of legal services and referral programs available throughout New Mexico, and individual chapters. This is the court of last resort and has superintending control over all inferior courts and attorneys licensed in the state.
This court has mandatory appellate jurisdiction over: criminal matters in which the sentence imposed is life in prison or the death penalty, appeals from the Public Regulation Commission, appeals from the granting of writs of habeas corpus, appeals in actions challenging nominations, and removal of public officials. State law and court rules impose new requirements in guardianship and conservatorship cases beginning on July 1, New forms must be used by guardians and conservators when submitting a report, inventory, and proof of bonding.